States and Capitals of India 2021

States and Capitals of India

In this article we shall see in detail the States and Capitals of India, Union Territories and their capitals, and also the Official languages of all the states and union territories of India. Currently, there are 28 states and 8 Union Territories in India, and each of them have their own capital cities and Official languages. With effect from 31th October 2019, India has 28 States and 8 Union Territories. The State of Jammu and Kashmir was bifurcated into two Union Territories – Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh. Further, the Union territories of Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli have been merged into a single union territory.

India is home to one of the oldest civilizations in the world. It has rich cultural heritage. After centuries of struggle against foreign rule, India attained its independence and the The Republic of India was formed in 15th August 1947. India is the largest democratic country in the world. Though India has the second highest population in the world its geographical area is only the 7th largest in the world.

Below are different lists of India States and their capitals, Union Territories and their Capitals, Official languages of all States.

List of 28 States and Capitals of India 2021

Below is the complete list of all states and their capitals.

Sl.No. States Founded on Capital
1 Andhra Pradesh 1 Nov. 1956 Amaravathi, Hyderabad
2 Arunachal Pradesh 20 Feb. 1987 Itanagar
3 Assam 26 Jan. 1950 Dispur
4 Bihar 26 Jan. 1950 Patna
5 Chhattisgarh 1 Nov. 2000 Raipur
6 Goa 30 May. 1987 Panaji
7 Gujarat 1 May. 1960 Gandhinagar
8 Haryana 1 Nov. 1966 Chandigarh
9 Himachal Pradesh 25 Jan. 1971 Shimla
10 Mizoram 20 Feb. 1987 Aizwal
11 Jharkhand 15 Nov. 2000 Ranchi
12 Karnataka 1 Nov. 1956 Bangalore
13 Kerala 1 Nov. 1956 Thiruvananthapuram
14 Madhya Pradesh 1 Nov. 1956 Bhopal
15 Maharashtra 1 May. 1960 Mumbai
16 Manipur 21 Jan. 1972 Imphal
17 Meghalaya 21 Jan. 1972 Shillong
18 Nagaland 1 Dec. 1963 Kohima
19 Odisha 26 Jan. 1950 Bhubaneswar
20 Punjab 1 Nov. 1956 Chandigarh
21 Rajasthan 1 Nov. 1956 Jaipur
22 Sikkim 16 May. 1975 Gangtok
23 Tamil Nadu 26 Jan. 1950 Chennai
24 Tripura 21 Jan. 1972 Agartala
25 Telangana 2 Jun. 2014 Hyderabad
26 Uttar Pradesh 26 Jan. 1950 Lucknow
27 Uttarakhand 9 Nov. 2000 Dehradun
28 West Bengal 1 Nov. 1956 Kolkata

 

List of 8 Union Territories of India and their Capitals

Sl. No Union Territories Names Capital Founded on Official Language
1 Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair 1 Nov. 1956 Hindi & English
2 Chandigarh Chandigarh 1 Nov. 1966 English
3 Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu Daman 26 Jan. 2020 Gujarati, Marathi, Konkani, Hindi
4 Delhi New Delhi 9 May. 1905 Hindi
5 Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter) 31 Oct. 2019 Kashmiri, Dogri, English, Hindi, Urdu
6 Lakshadweep Kavaratti 1 Nov. 1956 Malayalam, English
7 Puducherry Pondicherry 1 Nov. 1954 Tamil
8 Ladakh Leh 31 Oct. 2019 Ladakhi, Purgi, Hindi, English

 

 

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Official Languages of States of India

Sl.No. States Official Language(s)
1 Andhra Pradesh Telugu, Urdu
2 Arunachal Pradesh Miji, Apotanji, Merdukpen,
Tagin, Adi, Honpa, Banging-Nishi
3 Assam Assamese
4 Bihar Hindi
5 Chhattisgarh Hindi
6 Goa Marathi, Konkani
7 Gujarat Gujarati
8 Haryana Hindi
9 Himachal Pradesh Hindi and Pahari
10 Mizoram Mizo and English
11 Jharkhand Hindi
12 Karnataka Kannada
13 Kerala Malayalam
14 Madhya Pradesh Hindi
15 Maharashtra Marathi
16 Manipur Manipuri
17 Meghalaya Khashi, Jaintia
And Garo
18 Nagaland Ao, Konyak, Angami,
Sema and Lotha
19 Odisha Oriya
20 Panjab Punjabi
21 Rajasthan Rajasthani and Hindi
22 Sikkim Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali,
Lepcha, Limbu
23 Tamil Nadu Tamil
24 Tripura Bengali, Tripuri,
Manipuri, Kakborak
25 Telangana Telugu, Urdu
26 Uttar Pradesh Hindi
27 Uttarakhand Hindi
28 West Bengal Bengali

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