List of Chemical Compounds and their Common Names and Formulas

Chemical Compunds Formulasand Common Names

In this article we shall look into a list of chemical compounds and their common names and Formulas. First we shall see the basics of chemical compound, chemical formula, and Common name. Then we shall look into a list of Chemical compounds and their chemical formulas. Later, we shall look into a list of popular and important chemical compounds and their chemical formulas and common names.

What is a Chemical Compound ?

The most simple definition is “A Chemical compound is a substance that is made up of two or more elements”. A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds. The most simplest and common example of a chemical compound is Water (H2O), which is a compound consisting of two hydrogen atoms bonded to an oxygen atom.

What is a Chemical Formula ?

Every Chemical compound is made of two or more elements. Chemical formula is a way of representing a Chemical compound in the form of symbols that denote chemical elements and each symbol may have subscripts indicating the number of atoms of that specific element in the compound. For example, the chemical formula of Water is H2O, it indicates that each water molecule is made of two Hydrogen atoms and one Oxygen atom.

What is a Common Name ?

Common Name of a Chemical name is the name it is popularly known. It is the name of a chemical that is familiar to most of the people in general. For example, Chemical Name of NaCl is Sodium Chloride, and its common name is Salt or Common Salt. Chemical Formula of Oxygen Hydride is H2O, which is commonly known as Water.

 

List of Chemical Compounds, their chemical formulas and Molecular weights 

Sl No Compound name Molecular formula Molecular weight
1 Acetaldehyde C2H4O 44.05 g/mol
2 Acetamide C2H5NO 59.068 g/mol
3 Acetate CH3COO– 59.044 g/mol
4 Acetic acid CH3COOH 60.052 g/mol
5 Acetone C3H6O 58.08 g/mol
6 Acetonitrile C2H3N 41.053 g/mol
7 Acetylene C2H2 26.038 g/mol
8 Aluminium hydroxide Al(OH)3 78.00 g/mol
9 Aluminium sulfate Al2(SO4)3 342.15 g/mol
10 Aluminum Al 26.982 g/mol
11 Aluminum bromide AlBr3 266.69 g/mol
12 Aluminum fluoride AlF3 83.9767 g/mol
13 Aluminum oxide Al2O3 101.96 g/mol
14 Aluminum phosphate AlPO4 121.951 g/mol
15 Aluminum sulfide Al2S3 150.158 g/mol
16 Ammonia NH3 17.031 g/mol
17 Ammonium acetate C2H3O2NH4 77.083 g/mol
18 Ammonium bicarbonate NH4HCO3 96.086 g/mol
19 Ammonium bromide NH4Br 97.943 g/mol
20 Ammonium carbonate (NH4)2CO3 96.086 g/mol
21 Ammonium chloride NH4Cl 53.489 g/mol
22 Ammonium hydroxide NH4OH 35.046 g/mol
23 Ammonium iodide NH4I 144.94 g/mol
24 Ammonium nitrate NH4NO3 80.043 g/mol
25 Ammonium nitrate (NH4)(NO3) ‎80.043 g/mol
26 Ammonium nitrite NH4NO2 64.06 g/mol
27 Ammonium oxide (NH4)2O 52.0763 g/mol
28 Ammonium persulfate (NH4)2S2O8 228.18 g/mol
29 Ammonium phosphate (NH4)3PO4 132.056 g/mol
30 Ammonium sulfate (NH4)2SO4 132.134 g/mol
31 Argon gas Ar 39.948 g/mol
32 Ascorbic acid C6H8O6 176.12 g/mol
33 Barium bromide BaBr2 297.14 g/mol
34 Barium carbonate BaCO3 197.34 g/mol
35 Barium chloride BaCl2 208.23 g/mol
36 Barium fluoride BaF2 175.34 g/mol
37 Barium hydroxide Ba(OH)2 171.341 g/mol
38 Barium iodide BaI2 391.136 g/mol
39 Barium nitrate Ba(NO3)2 261.337 g/mol
40 Barium oxide BaO 153.326 g/mol
41 Barium sulfate BaSO4 233.38 g/mol
42 Benzene C6H6 78.11 g/mol
43 Benzoic acid C7H6O2 122.12 g/mol
44 Bicarbonate CHO3– 61.016 g/mol
45 Bleach NaClO ‎74.439 g/mol
46 Boric acid H3BO3 61.83 g/mol
47 Bromate BrO3– 127.901 g/mol
48 Bromine Br 54.9380 g/mol
49 Bromothymol Blue C27H28Br2O5S 624.384 g/mol
50 Butane C4H10 58.12 g/mol
51 Butanoic acid C4H8O2 88.11 g/mol
52 Calcium acetate C4H6O4Ca 158.17 g/mol
53 Calcium Carbide CaC2 64.099 g/mol
54 Calcium carbonate CaCO3 100.086 g/mol
55 Calcium Chloride CaCl2 110.98 g/mol
56 Calcium hydride CaH2 42.094 g/mol
57 Calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2 74.092 g/mol
58 Calcium iodide CaI2 293.887 g/mol
59 Calcium nitrate Ca(NO3)2 164.088 g/mol
60 Calcium nitrate Ca(NO3)2 164.088 g/mol
61 Calcium oxide CaO 56.0774 g/mol
62 Calcium phosphate Ca3(PO4)2 310.18 g/mol
63 Carbon Disulfide CS2 76.13 g/mol
64 Carbon monoxide CO 28.01 g/mol
65 Carbon monoxide CO 28.01 g/mol
66 Carbon tetrachloride CCl4 153.811 g/mol
67 Carbon tetrachloride CCl4 153.82 g/mol
68 Carbonic acid H2CO3 62.024 g/mol
69 Cellulose (C6H10O5)n 162.1406 g/mol
70 Chlorine Cl2 ‎70.9 g/mol
71 Chlorine Trifluoride ClF3 92.448 g/mol
72 Chloroacetic acid C2H3O2Cl 94.49 g/mol
73 Chromate CrO42- 15.992 g/mol
74 Chromic acid H2CrO4 118.01 g/mol
75 Chromic Oxide Cr2O3 151.9904 g/mol
76 Citric acid C6H8O7 192.123 g/mol
77 Citric acid C6H8O7 192.124 g/mol
78 Copper (II) chloride CuCl2 134.45 g/mol
79 Copper Hydroxide Cu(OH)2 97.561 g/mol
80 Copper ii carbonate CuCO3 123.55 g/mol
81 Copper sulfate CuSO4 159.609 g/mol
82 Copper(I) Oxide Cu2O 143.09 g/mol
83 Cyanide CN− 26.02 g/mol
84 Diatomic Bromine Br2 159.808 g/mol
85 Dichloromethane CH2Cl2 84.93 g/mol
86 Dichromate K2Cr2O7 294.185 g/mol
87 Dihydrogen monoxide OH2 18.01528 g/mol
88 Dimethyl sulfoxide C2H6OS 78.13 g/mol
89 Dimethylglyoxime C4H8N2O2 116.12 g/mol
90 Dinitrogen monoxide N2O 44.013 g/mol
91 Dinitrogen Pentoxide N2O5 30.07 g/mol
92 Dinitrogen trioxide N2O3 76.01 g/mol
93 Dipotassium Phosphate K2HPO4 174.2 g/mol
94 Ethane C2H6 30.07 g/mol
95 Ethanol C2H5OH 46.069 g/mol
96 Ethanol CH3CH2OH 46.07 g/mol
97 Ethylene C2H4 28.054 g/mol
98 Ethylene glycol C2H6O2 62.07 g/mol
99 Eugenol C10H12O2 164.2 g/mol
100 Fluorine F 18.998403 u
101 Formaldehyde CH2O 30.031 g/mol
102 Formic Acid HCOOH 46.03 g/mol
103 Fructose C6H12O6 180.16 g/mol
104 Glycerin C3H8O3 92.09 g/mol
105 Glycerol C3H8O3 92.09382 g/mol
106 Helium He atomic mass ‎4.002602 u
107 Hexamine C6H12N4 140.186 g/mol
108 Hexane C6H14 86.18 g/mol
109 Hydrazine N2H4 32.0452 g/mol
110 Hydrobromic acid HBr 80.912 g/mol
111 Hydrochloric acid HCl 36.458 g/mol
112 Hydrocyanic acid HCN ‎27.026 g/mol
113 Hydrocyanic acid HCN 27.0253 g/mol
114 Hydrogen peroxide H2O2 34.0147 g/mol
115 Hydrogen sulfate HSO4– 97.064 g/mol
116 Hydroiodic acid HI 127.91 g/mol
117 Hydroiodic acid HI 127.91 g/mol
118 Hydroquinone C6H6O2 110.11 g/mol
119 Hydroxide OH– 17.007 g/mol
120 Hypobromous acid HBrO 96.911 g/mol
121 Hypochlorite ClO– 51.449 g/mol
122 Hypochlorous acid HClO 52.457 g/mol
123 Hypoiodous acid HIO 143.89 g/mol
124 Iodide I 253.809 g/mol
125 Iodine I Atomic mass 126.90 g/mol
126 Iron iii oxide Fe2O3 159.687 g/mol
127 Iron oxide Fe2O3 159.69 g/mol
128 Lactic acid C3H6O3 90.078 g/mol
129 Lead (IV) oxide PbO2 239.1988 g/mol
130 Lead Acetate Pb(C2H3O2)2 325.29 g/mol
131 Lead ii acetate Pb(C2H3O2)2 ‎325.29 g/mol
132 Lead iodide PbI2 461.01 g/mol
133 Lithium bromide LiBr 86.844 g/mol
134 Lithium chloride LiCl 42.394 g/mol
135 Lithium hydroxide LiOH 23.95 g/mol
136 Lithium iodide LiI 133.844 g/mol
137 Lithium oxide Li2O 29.88 g/mol
138 Lithium phosphate Li3PO4 115.79 g/mol
139 Magnesium carbonate MgCO3 84.313 g/mol
140 Magnesium chloride MgCl2 95.211 g/mol
141 Magnesium hydroxide Mg(OH)2 58.319 g/mol
142 Magnesium hydroxide Mg(OH)2 58.3197 g/mol
143 Magnesium iodide MgI2 278.1139 g/mol
144 Magnesium nitrate Mg(NO3)2 148.313 g/mol
145 Magnesium oxide MgO 40.3044 g/mol
146 Magnesium phosphate Mg3(PO4)2 262.855 g/mol
147 Magnesium sulfate MgSO4 120.361 g/mol
148 Magnesium sulfide MgS 56.38 g/mol
149 Maleic acid C4H4O4 116.072 g/mol
150 Maltose C12H22O11 342.3 g/mol
151 Manganese dioxide MnO2 86.9368 g/mol
152 Mannitol C6H14O6 182.172 g/mol
153 Mercuric chloride HgCl2 271.52 g/mol
154 Methane CH4 16.043 g/mol
155 Methanol CH3OH 32.04 g/mol
156 Methyl acetate C3H6O2 74.079 g/mol
157 Methyl Ethyl Ketone C4H8O 72.107 g/mol
158 Methylene blue C16H18ClN3S 319.85 g/mol
159 Monopotassium Phosphate KH2PO4 136.086 g/mol
160 Monosodium Glutamate C5H8NO4Na 169.111 g/mol
161 Nickel acetate C4H8O4Ni 178.797 g/mol
162 Nickel nitrate Ni(NO3)2 182.703 g/mol
163 Nickel sulfate NiSO4 154.75 g/mol
164 Nitric acid HNO3 63.012 g/mol
165 Nitrite NO2− 46.005 g/mol
166 Nitrogen dioxide NO2 30.006 g/mol
167 Nitrogen monoxide NO 30.006 g/mol
168 Nitrous acid HNO2 ‎47.013 g/mol
169 Nitrous acid HNO2 47.013 g/mol
170 Oxalate C2O42− ‎88.018 g/mol
171 Oxalic acid H2C2O4 90.03 g/mol
172 Oxygen O Atomic mass 15.999 g/mol
173 Ozone O3 48 g/mol
174 Para dichlorobenzene C6H4Cl2 147.01 g/mol
175 Perchloric acid HClO4 100.46 g/mol
176 Permanganate KMnO4 158.034 g/mol
177 Peroxydisulfuric Acid H2S2O8 194.14 g/mol
178 Phenol C6H6O 94.11 g/mol
179 Phenolphthalein C20H14O4 318.32 g/mol
180 Phenyl C6H5 77.106 g/mol
181 Phosphate PO43- 94.9714 g/mol
182 Phosphate ion PO43- 94.9714 g/mol
183 Phosphoric acid H3PO4 97.994 g/mol
184 Phosphorous Acid H3PO3 82 g/mol
185 Phosphorus pentachloride PCl5 208.24 g/mol
186 Phosphorus Trichloride PCl3 137.33 g/mol
187 Phosphorus Triiodide PI3 411.6872 g/mol
188 Polystyrene (C8H8)n 104.1 g/mol
189 Polyurethane Foam C27H36N2O10 548.589 g/mol
190 Potassium acetate CH3CO2K 98.142 g/mol
191 Potassium bicarbonate KHCO3 100.114 g/mol
192 Potassium Bromide KBr 119.002 g/mol
193 Potassium carbonate K2CO3 138.205 g/mol
194 Potassium chlorate KClO3 122.545 g/mol
195 Potassium chloride KCl 74.5513 g/mol
196 Potassium chromate CrK2O4 194.189 g/mol
197 Potassium cyanide KCN 65.12 g/mol
198 Potassium dichromate K2Cr2O7 294.185 g/mol
199 Potassium Ferrocyanide K4Fe(CN)6 368.35 g/mol
200 Potassium fluoride KF 58.0967 g/mol
201 Potassium hydroxide KOH 56.11 g/mol
202 Potassium hypochlorite KClO 90.55 g/mol
203 Potassium Iodate KIO3 214.001 g/mol
204 Potassium iodide KI 166.0028 g/mol
205 Potassium nitrate KNO3 101.102 g/mol
206 Potassium nitrite KNO2 85.103 g/mol
207 Potassium oxide K2O 94.2 g/mol
208 Potassium phosphate KH2PO4 136.084 g/mol
209 Potassium sulfite K2SO3 158.26 g/mol
210 Potassium Thiocyanate KSCN 97.181 g/mol
211 Propane C3H8 44.097 g/mol
212 Pyridine C5H5N 79.1 g/mol
213 Resorcinol C6H6O2 110.1 g/mol
214 Salicylic Acid C7H6O3 138.121 g/mol
215 Silicon dioxide SiO2 60.083 g/mol
216 Silver acetate AgC2H3O2 166.91 g/mol
217 Silver carbonate Ag2CO3 275.7453 g/mol
218 Silver chloride AgCl ‎143.318 g/mol
219 Silver nitrate AgNO3 169.872 g/mol
220 Silver oxide Ag2O 231.735 g/mol
221 Silver phosphate Ag3PO4 418.58 g/mol
222 Sodium acetate C2H3NaO2 82.0343 g/mol
223 Sodium bicarbonate NaHCO3 84.0066 g/mol
224 Sodium bisulfate NaHSO4 120.06 g/mol
225 Sodium borate Na2[B4O5(OH)4]·8H2O 201.22 g/mol
226 Sodium bromide NaBr 102.894 g/mol
227 Sodium carbonate Na2CO3 105.988 g/mol
228 Sodium Chlorate NaClO3 106.44 g/mol
229 Sodium chloride NaCl 58.44 g/mol
230 Sodium chromate Na2CrO4 161.97 g/mol
231 Sodium citrate Na3C6H5O7 258.06 g/mol
232 Sodium cyanide NaCN 49.0072 g/mol
233 Sodium dichromate Na2Cr2O7 261.97 g/mol
234 Sodium fluoride NaF 41.98817 g/mol
235 Sodium hydroxide NaOH 39.997 g/mol
236 Sodium hypochlorite NaClO 74.439 g/mol
237 Sodium iodide NaI 149.894 g/mol
238 Sodium metabisulfite Na2S2O5 190.107 g/mol
239 Sodium nitrate NaNO3 84.994 g/mol
240 Sodium nitride Na3N 82.976 g/mol
241 Sodium nitrite NaNO2 68.9953 g/mol
242 Sodium oxide Na2O 61.9789 g/mol
243 Sodium Percarbonate C2H6Na4O12 157.01 g/mol
244 Sodium peroxide Na2O2 77.98 g/mol
245 Sodium phosphate Na3PO4 119.976 g/mol
246 Sodium potassium tartrate C4H4O6KNa·4H2O 282.1 g/mol
247 Sodium silicate (Na2O)x·SiO2 122.062 g/mol
248 Sodium sulfate Na2SO4 ‎142.036 g/mol
249 Sodium sulfide Na2S 78.0452 g/mol
250 Sodium sulfite Na2SO3 126.043 g/mol
251 Sodium Thiosulfate Na2S2O3 158.11 g/mol
252 Stearic acid C18H36O2 284.484 g/mol
253 Strontium chloride SrCl2 158.52 g/mol
254 Strontium nitrate Sr(NO3)2 211.628 g/mol
255 Sucrose C12H22O11 342.2965 g/mol
256 Sulfate ion SO42− 96.06 g/mol
257 Sulfur dioxide SO2 64.066 g/mol
258 Sulfur Hexafluoride SF6 146.06 g/mol
259 Sulfur trioxide SO3 80.057 g/mol
260 Sulfuric acid H2SO4 ‎98.072 g/mol
261 Sulfurous acid H2SO3 82.073 g/mol
262 Tannic acid C76H52O46 1701.19 g/mol
263 Tartaric acid C4H6O6 150.087 g/mol
264 Tetrachloroethylene C2Cl4 165.83 g/mol
265 Tin (II) chloride SnCl2 189.60 g/mol
266 Tin Oxide SnO2 97.561 g/mol
267 Titanium dioxide TiO2 233.38 g/mol
268 Toluene C7H8 92.14 g/mol
269 Trichloroacetic acid C2HCl3O2 163.38 g/mol
270 Urea CH4N2O ‎60.056 g/mol
271 Urethane C3H7NO2 89.09 g/mol
272 Xenon Difluoride XeF2 169.29 g/mol
273 Xylene C8H10 106.16 g/mol
274 Zinc acetate Zn(CH3COO)2(H2O)2 183.48 g/mol
275 Zinc carbonate ZnCO3 125.388 g/mol
276 Zinc chloride ZnCl2 136.286 g/mol
277 Zinc hydroxide Zn(OH)2 99.424 g/mol
278 Zinc iodide ZnI2 319.22 g/mol
279 Zinc nitrate Zn(NO3)2 189.388 g/mol
280 Zinc phosphate Zn3(PO4)2 386.11 g/mol
281 Zinc sulfate ZnSO4 161.436 g/mol
282 Zinc sulfide ZnS 97.474 g/mol

 

Important Chemical Compounds and their Common Names 

Sno Chemical Compound Name Common Name
1 Acetic Acid Vinegar
2 Ammonium Ferrous Sulphate Mohr’s Salt
3 Calcium Carbonate Chalk (Marble
4 Calcium Hydroxide Slaked Lime
5 Calcium Oxide Quick Lime
6 Calcium Oxychloride Bleaching powder
7 Calcium Sulphate Gypsum, Plaster of Paris
8 Copper Sulphate Blue Vitriol
9 Deuterium Oxide Heavy Water
10 Ferrous Sulphate Green Vitriol
11 Magnesium Oxide Magnesia
12 Magnesium Sulphate Epsom
13 Mercuric Sulphide Vermelium
14 Methane Marsh Gas
15 Nitrous Oxide Laughing Gas
16 Potassium Aluminum Sulphate Potash Alum
17 Potassium Hydroxide Caustic Potash
18 Silicon Oxide Sand
19 Sodium bicarbonate Baking powder
20 Sodium Carbonate Washing Soda
21 Sodium Hydroxide Caustic Soda
22 Solid Carbon dioxide Dry Ice
23 Sucrose Sugar
24 Trichloro Methane Chloroform
25 Trinitrotoluene T.N.T.
26 Zinc Sulphate White Vitriol

Most Important Chemical Compounds and their Common Names 

  • Sodium carbonate common name is Washing Soda
  • Common name of CaOCl2 is Bleaching powder or Chlorine powder or Chlorinated Lime
  • Common name of Sodium Hydroxide is Caustic Soda
  • Sodium Chloride common name is Salt
  • Calcium Oxide common name is Quick Lime
  • Hydrochloric Acid common name is ___? There is no common name, but it is also called Muriatic acid.
  • Ammonium Chloride common name is Sal Ammoniac or Salmiak.
  • Common name of Calcium OxyChloride is Bleaching Powder. 
  • MgSO4 7H2O common name is Epson Salt or Bath Salt.
  • Sulfuric Acid common name is Oil of Vitriol or King of Chemcials. 
  • Common name of Potassium hydroxide is Caustic Potash.
  • Sodium Carbonate DecaHydrate common name is Washing Soda.
  • Common name of Phenol is Carbolic acid.
  • Chemical name for common Salt is Sodium Chloride.
  • Common name of Potassium Nitrate is Saltpetre

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