List of Biosphere Reserves in India

Biosphere Reserves in India

Biosphere Reserves are legally protected areas, where the biodiversity of such an area is protected and conserved without disturbing the tribal life and human settlements in that area. The Indian government has established 18 biosphere reserves in the country. Of the total 18 Biosphere reserves in India, 12 are part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and Biosphere (MAB) programme.

List of Biosphere Reserves in India 

Sl No Established Year Name States/UT Key Fauna
1 1986 Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka Nilgiri tahr, tiger, lion-tailed macaque
2 1988 Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve Uttarakhand Snow leopard, Himalayan black bear
3 1989 Gulf of Mannar Tamil Nadu Dugong
4 1988 Nokrek Meghalaya Red panda
5 1989 Sundarbans West Bengal Royal Bengal tiger
6 1989 Manas Assam Asiatic elephant, tiger, Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur, pygmy hog
7 1994 Simlipal Odisha Gaur, Royal Bengal tiger, Asian elephant
8 1998 Dihang-Dibang Arunachal Pradesh Mishmi takin, musk deer
9 1999 Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve Madhya Pradesh Giant squirrel, flying squirrel
10 2005 Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh Four-horned antelope, Indian wild dog, sarus crane, white-rumped vulture, sacred grove bush frog
11 2008 Great Rann of Kutch Gujarat Indian wild ass
12 2009 Cold Desert Himachal Pradesh Snow leopard
13 2000 Khangchendzonga National Park Sikkim Snow leopard, red panda
14 2001 Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve Kerala, Tamil Nadu Nilgiri tahr, Asian elephant
15 1989 Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve Andaman and Nicobar Islands Saltwater crocodile
16 1997 Dibru-Saikhowa Assam White-winged wood duck, water buffalo, black-breasted parrotbill, tiger, capped langur
17 2010 Seshachalam Hills Andhra Pradesh Slender loris
18 2011 Panna Madhya Pradesh Bengal Tiger, Siyah Gosh, Jungle Cat

 

Of the above 18 Biosphere Reserves 12 of them are are part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and Biosphere (MAB) programme.

UNESCO Biosphere Reserves in India 

Sno Name States/ UT Recognized Year
1 Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka 2000
2 Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve Tamil Nadu 2001
3 Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve West Bengal 2001
4 Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve Uttarakhand 2004
5 Nokrek Biosphere Reserve Meghalaya 2009
6 Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve Madhya Pradesh 2009
7 Simlipal Biosphere Reserve Odisha 2009
8 Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve Andaman & Nicobar Islands 2013
9 Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh 2012
10 Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve Kerala and Tamil Nadu 2016
11 Khangchendzonga National Park Sikkim 2018
12 Panna National Park Madhya Pradesh 2020

 

Biosphere Reserves in India Map 

 

Biosphere Reserves in India

 

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