Bird Sanctuaries in India, State Birds of India

Bird Sanctuaries in India

As per the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS), there are 1210 Bird species and 72 Bird Sanctuaries in India. Bird Sanctuary is place where bird species are protected and conserved. Hunting and any other activities that lead to habitat destruction are prohibited in bird sanctuaries. All bird Sanctuaries in India are owned by the Government of India. The Ramsar Covention Wetlands Conservation and the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 help the protection and conservation of different bird species.

Bird Sanctuaries is part of Environment and General awareness topics and questions related to them are asked in  many competitive examinations including the UPSC IAS Exam. Off late, we have Bird Sanctuaries in the News about their destruction, and also effect of tourism on the Bird Sanctuaries and the consequent problems. In this article, we shall see some of the important bird sanctuaries in India, and also a list of State birds of India.

Bird Sanctuaries in India 

List of Bird Sanctuaries in India

Sr No Bird Sanctuary Name State Remarks
1. Kolleru Bird Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh Largest habitat of Pelicans
2. Manjira Bird Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh
3. Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh First Bird Sanctuary of India
4. Rollapadu Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh
5. Sri Lankamalleshwara Wildlife Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh
6. Bordoibam- Bilmukh Bird Sanctuary Assam
7. Pani- Dihing Bird Sanctuary Assam
8. Bareli Jheel Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary Bihar
9. Kusheshwar Asthan Bird Sanctuary Bihar
10. Saraiya Man Bird Sanctuary Bihar
11. City Bird Sanctuary Chandigarh
12. Okhla Bird Sanctuary Delhi
13. Chorao Island (Dr.Salim Ali ) WLS (Bird) Goa
14. Khijadia Lake and Bird Sanctuary Gujarat
15. Kutch Desert WLS (includes Flamingo City) Gujarat
16. Naliya Grassland (Lala Bustard WLS) Gujarat
17. Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary Gujarat Largest Bird Sanctuary in India
18. Porbandar Bird Sanctuary Gujarat
19. Thol Lake Bird Sanctuary Gujarat
20. Bhindawas Bird Sanctuary Haryana
21. Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary Haryana
22. Bandli Wildlife Sanctuary Himachal Pradesh
23. Kais Wildlife Sanctuary Himachal Pradesh
24. Pong Dam Lake WLS (declared as a Bird Sanc. In 1983) Himachal Pradesh
25. Udhuwa Lake Bird Sanctuary Jharkhand
26. Adichanchunagiri Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka Peacock sanctuary
27. Bankapur Peacock Conservation Reserve (Bird) Karnataka Peacock sanctuary
28. Ghataprabha Bird Sanctuary Karnataka
29. Gudavi Bird Sanctuary Karnataka
30. Kokkare Bellur Community Reserve (Bird) Karnataka
31. Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary Karnataka
32. Chulannur Peafowl WLS Kerala
33. Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary Kerala
34. Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary Kerala
35. Mangalvanam Bird WLS Kerala
36. Thattekad or Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary Kerala
37. Pitti Wildlife Sanctuary (Bird) Lakshadweep
38. Ghatigaon Bustard Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh
39. Karera Bustard Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh
40. Sailana Kharmor (Lesser Florican) sanctuary Madhya Pradesh
41. Sardarpur Kharmor (Lesser Florican) sanctuary Madhya Pradesh
42. Jaikwadi Bird Sanctuary Maharashtra
43. Jawaharlal Nehru Bustard Sanctuary Maharashtra
44. Karnala Bird Sanctuary Maharashtra
45. Mayani Bird Sanctuary Maharashtra
46. Naigaon Mayur WLS Maharashtra
47. Nandur Madhmeshwar Bird Sanctuary Maharashtra
48. Khonoma Nature Conservation and Tragopan sanctuary Nagaland
49. Nalabana Bird Sanctuary Orissa
50. Harike Lake Bird Sanctuary Punjab
51. Desert National Park Rajasthan
52. Keoladeo / Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary Rajasthan
53. Kitam WLS (Bird) Sikkim
54. Ariyakulam Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
55. Chitrangudi and Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
56. Koonthangulam Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
57. Point Calimere Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
58. Thiruppudai- Maruthur Conservation Reserve (Bird) Tamil Nadu
59. Vaduvoor Lake Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
60. Vedanthangal and Karikili Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
61. Vettangudi Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
62. Bakhira Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh
63. Nawabganj Priyadarshini Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh
64. Patna Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh
65. Saman Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh
66. Samaspur Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh
67. Sandi WLS (declared as a Bird Sanc. In 1990) Uttar Pradesh
68. Sur Sarovar WLS (declared as a Bird Sanc. In 1991) Uttar Pradesh
69. Asan Barage Wetland CR (Bird) Uttarakhand
70. Jhilmi Jheel CR(Bird) Uttarakhand
71. Chintamani Kar Bird Sanctuary West Bengal
72. Kulik Bird Sanctuary West Bengal


Important Facts and FAQs on Bird Sanctuaries in India 

Largest bird sanctuary in India

Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary in Gujarat is the Biggest Bird Sanctuary in India with an area of 120 Sq km.

First Bird sanctuary in india

Nelapattu Bird Santuary in Nellore District of Andhra Pradesh is the first Bird Sanctuary in India that was established in 1976. It is one of the largest habitats for pelicans in Southeast Asia.

Vulture sanctuary in India

Ramadevara Betta Vulture Sanctuary is located in Karnataka. It is located in the Ramanagara hills, which are close to the city of Bengaluru. This sanctuary is home to two Critically Endangered Culture species – 1) Long-billed Vulture and 2) White-caked Vulture.

Peacock sanctuary in india

Bankapura Peacock Conservation Centre inside the Bankapur Fort in Karnataka, and Adichunchanagiri Wildlife Sanctuary in karnataka.

List of State Birds of India 

Sr No State /Union Territory Common name
1 Andhra Pradesh Indian Roller
2 Arunachal Pradesh Great Pied Hornbill
3 Assam White-winged Duck
4 Bihar Indian Roller
5 Chattisgarh Common Hill-myna
6 Delhi House Sparrow
7 Goa Flame-throated Bulbul
8 Gujarat Greater Flamingo
9 Haryana Black Francolin
10 Himachal Pradesh Western Tragopan
11 Jammu & Kashmir Black-necked Crane
12 Jharkhand Asian Koel
13 Karnataka Indian Roller
14 Kerala Great Pied Hornbill
15 Madhya Pradesh Asian paradise flycatcher
16 Maharashtra Yellow-footed Green-pigeon
17 Manipur Mrs. Hume’s Pheasant
18 Meghalaya Common Hill-myna
19 Mizoram Mrs. Hume’s Pheasant
20 Nagaland Blyth’s Tragopan
21 Odisha Indian Roller or Blue Jay
22 Punjab Northern Goshawk
23 Rajasthan Great Indian Bustard
24 Sikkim Blood Pheasant
25 Tamil Nadu Emerald Dove
26 Telangana Indian Roller
27 Tripura Green Imperial-pigeon
28 Uttar Pradesh Sarus Crane
29 Uttrakhand Himalayan Monal
30 West Bengal White-throated Kingfisher
31 Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman Woodpigeon
32 Chandigarh Indian Grey Hornbill
33 Lakshwadeep Brown Noddy
34 Puducherry Asian Koel





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